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Waterbirds in the UK
Cover of Waterbirds in the UK report 2021-2022

Waterbirds in the UK 2021/22: The Wetland Bird Survey and Goose & Swan Monitoring Programme

2023 | Austin, G.E., Calbrade, N.A., Birtles, G.A., Peck, K., Wotton, S.R., Shaw, J.M., Balmer, D.E. & Frost, T.M.

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Latest Publications

Research Reports
BTO research Report 764 cover

Bailiwick Bat Survey: 2023 season report

Bailiwick bat survey report findings

2024 | Newson, S.E., Allez, S.L., Coule, E.K., Guille, A.W., Henney, J.M., Higgins, L., Mclellan, G.D., Lewis, M., Simmons, M.C. & Atkinson, P.W.

The Bailiwick Bat Survey capitalises on the interest and enthusiasm of volunteers to participate in biodiversity monitoring to systematically collect bat distribution and activity data across Guern

Peer-reviewed papers
Kittiwake, by Sam Langlois / BTO

Challenges in quantifying the responses of Black-legged Kittiwake to habitat variables and local stressors due to individual variation

2024 | O’Hanlon, N.J., Thaxter, C.B., Clewley, G.D., Davies, J.G., Humphreys, E.M., Miller, P.I. Pollock, C.J., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Weston, E. & Cook, A.S.C.P. Bird Study

During the 2021 breeding season, BTO scientists tracked 20 Kittiwakes, fitted with small GPS devices, from Whinnyfold – par

Peer-reviewed papers
Coastal habitat, by Tom Cadwallender / BTO

Species- or habitat- based assessments of vulnerability to climate change? Informing climate change adaptation in special protection areas for birds in England

2024 | Duffield, S.J., Morecroft, M.D., Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Taylor, S.D. Biological Conservation

In this paper, two approaches commonly adopted by Natural England for climate change vulnerability assessments were used to assess the vulnerability to climate change of Special Protection Areas (S

Peer-reviewed papers
Kestrel, by Philip Croft / BTO

Anthropogenic climate and land-use change drive short-and long-term biodiversity shifts across taxa

2024 | Montràs-Janer, T., Suggitt, A.J., Fox, R., Jönsson, M., Martay, B., Roy, D.B., Walker, K.J. & Auffret, A.G. Nature Ecology & Evolution

This collaborative research involving BTO attempted to start understanding how habitat change and climate change interact.

Peer-reviewed papers
Lesser Black-backed Gull, by Edmund Fellowes / BTO

Leakage of plastics and other debris from landfills to a highly protected lake by wintering gulls

2024 | Martín Vélez, V., Cano-Povedano, J., Cañuelo-Jurado, B., López-Calderón, C., Céspedes, V., Ros, M., Sánchez, M.I., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Müller, W., Thaxter, C.B., Camphuysen, C.J., Cózar & Green, A.J. Waste Management

The study, led by the Institut de Ciències del Mar and Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC, Spain, used diet samples collected in January 2022 at the Fuente de Piedra – an inland lake in Spain that

Peer-reviewed papers
Red Admiral in garden, by Edmund Fellowes / BTO

Using butterfly survey data to model habitat associations in urban developments

2024 | Cooper, J.E.J., Plummer, K.E., Middlebrook, I. & Siriwardena, G.M. Journal of Applied Ecology

This study used data from 160 urban sites in England, collected by volunteers taking part in the Wider Countryside Butterfly Survey, in which BTO is a partner.

Peer-reviewed papers
Coal Tit, by Liz Cutting / BTO

Avian responses to climate extremes: insights into abundance curves and species sensitivity using the UK Breeding Bird Survey

2024 | Tirozzi, P., Massimino, D. & Bani, L. Oecologia

Climate change is one of the major threats to species conservation. Biological responses to climate change include shifts in species distribution, behavioural and physiological changes.

Peer-reviewed papers
Sandwich Tern, by Philip Croft / BTO

Behavioural responses of Sandwich terns following the construction of offshore wind farms

2024 | Thaxter, C.B., Green, R.M.W., Collier, M.P., Taylor, R.C., Middelveld, R.P., Scragg, E.S., Wright, L.J., Cook, A.S.C.P. & Fijn, R.C. Marine Biology

Between 2016 and 2019, BTO scientists fitted Sandwich Terns breeding at Scolt Head Island in Norfolk with long-life GPS tags which tracked the birds’ movements over multiple years.

Peer-reviewed papers
Robin, by Edmund Fellowes

Extended moult phenology models improve inferences about moult duration and timing

Removing barriers to studying moult in birds

2024 | Boersch-Supan, P.H., Hanmer, H.J. & Robinson, R.A. Ornithology

Peer-reviewed papers
Short-eared Owl in flight, by Liz Cutting / BTO

Remote tracking unveils intercontinental movements of nomadic Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus with implications for resource tracking by irruptive specialist predators

Astounding Short-eared Owl movements revealed

2024 | Calladine, J., Hallgrimsson, G.T., Morrison, N., Southall, C., Gunnarsson, H., Jubete, F., Sergio, F. & Mougeot, F. Ibis

International research led by BTO has revealed that Short-eared Owls make astonishing nomadic migrations between nest sites as far apart as Scotland and Arctic Russia. 

Peer-reviewed papers
Arable landscape by Mike Toms / BTO

Distance functions of carabids in crop fields depend on functional traits, crop type and adjacent habitat: a synthesis

2024 | Boetzl, F.A., Sponsler, D., Albrecht, M., Batáry, P., Birkhofer, K., Knapp, M., Krauss, J., Maas, B., Martin, E.A., Sirami, C., Sutter, L., Bertrand, C., Bosem Baillod, A., Bota, G., Bretagnolle, V., Brotons, L., Frank, T., Fusser, M., Giralt, D., González, E., Hof, A.R., Luka, H., Marrec, R., Nash, M.A., Ng, K., Plantegenest, M., Poulin, B., Siriwardena, G.M., Tscharntke, T., Tschumi, M., Vialatte, A., Van Vooren, L., Zubair-Anjum, M., Entling, M.H., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Schirmel, J. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

Peer-reviewed papers
Bar-tailed Godwit, by Graham Catley / BTO

Contrasting habitat use between and within Bar-tailed Godwit and Curlew wintering on the Wash, England

Adjacent habitats vital for intertidal waders

2024 | Pell, R.J., Clark, J.A. & Robinson, R.A. Wader Study

A new study has revealed contrasting habitat use between and within Bar-tailed Godwits and Curlews wintering on the Wash.

Research Reports
Arctic Tern, by Edmund Fellowes / BTO

Climate change and migratory species: a review of impacts, conservation actions, indicators and ecosystem services.

2023 | Williams, J.M., Scott, S.E., Galbraith, C.A., Martay, B., Macphie, K.H., Hereward, H.F.R., Barton, M.G., Bowgen, K.M., Pearce-Higgins, J.W. & Robinson, R.A.

​Part 1 documents a review of literature which was carried out to identify the impac

Peer-reviewed papers
Puffins, by Edmund Fellowes / BTO

Seabird abundances projected to decline in response to climate change in Britain and Ireland

Future impact of climate change on threatened seabirds

2023 | Davies, J.G., Humphreys, E.M., Evans, T., Howells, R., O’Hara-Murray, R. & Pearce-Higgins, J.W. Marine Ecology Progress Series

New BTO research predicts seabird declines of up to 90% by 2050 in Britain and Ireland under a ‘business as usual’ climate scenario.

Research Reports
Brown Long-eared Bat, by Chris Damant

Ryevitalise – Bats and ancient trees report: 2023

Bats and ancient trees

2023 | Newson, S.E. & Panter, T.L.

WeBS News

Waterbird News - Issue 39

2023 |

Peer-reviewed papers
Farmland, by Mike Toms / BTO

Linking climate warming and land conversion to species’ range changes across Great Britain

2023 | Suggitt, A.J., Wheatley, C.J., Aucott, P., Beale, C.M., Fox, R., Hill, J.K., Isaac, N.J.B., Martay, B., Southall, H., Thomas, C.D., Walker, K.J. & Auffret , A.G. Nature Communications

The most notable changes over the past 75 years have been an increase in temperature and a loss of roughly 90% of lowland meadow and pasture, mainly converted to arable farmland and improved grassl

Peer-reviewed papers
Lesser Black-backed Gull & chicks by Edmund Fellowes / BTO

Flight heights obtained from GPS versus altimeters influence estimates of collision risk with offshore wind turbines in Lesser Black-backed Gulls Larus fuscus

2023 | Johnston, D.T., Thaxter, C.B., Boersch-Supan, P.H., Davies, J.G., Clewley, G.D., Green, R.M.W., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Cook, A.S.C.P., Burton, N.H.K. & Humphreys, E.M. Movement Ecology

As previous BTO research has shown, bird-borne tracking devices are essential for shedding light on seabird flight behaviour.

Peer-reviewed papers
Wetland habitat, by Mike Toms / BTO

Spatially targeted nature-based solutions can mitigate climate change and nature loss but require a systems approach

2023 | Finch, T., Bradbury, R.B., Bradfer-Lawrence, T., Buchanan, G.M., Copping, J.P., Massimino, D., Smith, P., Peach, W.J. & Field, R.H. One Earth

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is one of the greatest challenges humankind is currently facing.

Research Reports

Understanding seabird behaviour at sea part 2: improved estimates of collision risk model parameters

2023 | Cook, A.S.C.P., Thaxter, C.B., Davies, J., Green, R.M.W., Wischnewski, S. & Boersch-Supan, P.


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